Managing Overactive Bladder

Managing Overactive Bladder

By Staness Jonekos

Do you map out bathroom locations before leaving home so you aren’t stranded without options when the unstoppable urge strikes?

Bladder control issues can be stressful especially in social situations.  As many as one in six adults over the age 40 suffer from an overactive bladder (OAB), and women between the ages of 45 and 64 are affected more than men.

The North American Menopause Society (NAMS) says:

“Women are much more prone to the occasional episode of urine leakage than men. These symptoms may be partially affected by menopause. As menopause approaches and during the years that follow, lack of estrogen can cause thinning of the lining of the urethra, the outlet for the bladder. With aging, the surrounding pelvic muscles may weaken. As a result, women are at increased risk for urinary incontinence.”

Unfortunately, the majority of women do not seek treatment, assuming it is part of the aging process.  OAB can affect quality of life, and can impact sexual health.

When the muscles of the bladder contract involuntarily, your brain signals the urgent need to urinate.  Often you may not always make it to the bathroom without leaking.

Urgency is the hallmark symptom, as well as frequency and waking up during sleep two or more times to urinate, according to the International Continence Society (ICS).

The ICS defines frequency of urination as:

“…Up to seven episodes during waking hours had been considered normal, but this number is highly variable based upon hours of sleep, fluid intake, medical conditions and other factors like medications, a urinary tract infection and pregnancy or recent delivery.”

The good news is that there are OAB first line treatment strategies you can discuss with your healthcare provider:

  1. Behavioral therapies, including bladder training, pelvic floor muscle training, and fluid management.
  2. Pharmacologic management, with both over-the-counter and prescription options.
  3. Lifestyle changes:
    1. Maintain a healthy weight, because being overweight can contribute to OAB.
    2. Reduce caffeine, tea, alcohol, spicey and acidic foods.
    3. Stop smoking – smoker’s cough can lead to urine leakage.
    4. Support healthy bowel habits. Being constipated can cause extra pressure on the bladder, making you feel like you have to urinate. Exercise and fiber intake can help with regularity.

Chart your symptoms 3 to7 days prior to your first doctor’s visit, and track your progress with these tools:

FREE Bladder Diary

FREE Bladder APP

If you have OAB, don’t suffer in silence.  Johns Hopkins Medicine reports that around 33 million Americans have an overactive bladder – you are not alone.  With proper treatment you can schedule your day around activities not bathroom locations.

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