Book References

The Menopause Makeover

Book References

CHAPTER 1

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide, 5th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2014.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

Santoro N.  Symptoms of menopause: hot flushes.  Clinical Obstetrics Gynecology.  2008;51(3):539-48.

Harrison S, Bergfeld W. Diffuse hair loss: its triggers and management. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine.  2009;76(6):361-7.

Speroff, Leon, Fritz, Marc A., Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility. Philadelphia, PA: LWW; Eighth Edition, December 20, 2010.

Somani N, Harrison S, Bergfeld WF.  The clinical evaluation of hirsutism.  Dermatologic Therapy.  2008;21(5):376-91.

Davis M, Kroll R. Testosterone Improves Sexual Function in Women Not Taking Estrogen. The North American Menopause Society, First to Know. December 23, 2008; 359:2005-2017.

CHAPTER 2

International Menopause Society. Recommendations on Postmenopausal Therapy. Climacteric. 2007;10:181-94. Available at: http://www.imsociety.org/pdf_files/ims_recommendations/ims_updated_recommendations_on_

postmenopausal_hormone_therapy_27_02_07.pdf.

The North American Menopause Society. Early Menopause Guidebook, 6 ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2007.

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide, 5th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2014.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

The Facts of Hormone Therapy for Menopausal Women

National Institute on Aging. What Can You Do for Hot Flashes and Other Menopausal Symptoms. Available at: http://www.nia.nih.gov/Healthinformation/Publications/Menopause/what.htm.htm.

Suckling J, Lethaby A, Kennedy R. Local oestrogen for vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2006;(4):CD001500

Hemelaar M, van der Mooren M, et al.  Effects of transdermal and oral postmenopausal hormone therapy on vascular function: a randomized, placebo-controlled study in healthy postmenopausal women. Menopause. 2005;12(5):526-35.

Rinaldi M, Cagnacci A, et al. Neutral Effect of Prolonged Transdermal Hormone Therapy on Liver Function of Postmenopausal Women with Chronic Active Hepatitis. Menopause. 2005;12(5):619-22.

Wingert P, Kantrowitz B. Are Bio-Identical Hormones Safe?  Newsweek. February 7, 2008.

Simon JA.  Understanding the Controversy: Hormone Testing and Bioidentical Hormones. 17th Annual Meeting of The North American Menopause Society; 2006.

Lui L, Dong YS, et al.  Biotransformation of steroidal saponins in Dioscorea zingiberensis C.H. Wright to diosgenin by Trichoderma harzianum. Applied Microbiology Biothechnology.  July 2009. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 19578845

Vogel J. Understanding the Controversy: Hormone Testing and Bioidentical Hormones: Selecting Bioidentical Hormone Therapy. 17th Annual Meeting of The North American Menopause Society; 2006.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration.   Limited FDA Survey of Compounded Drug Products.  June 18, 2009.  Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/

PharmacyCompounding/ucm155725.htm.

Richardson MK.  Understanding the Controversy: Hormone Testing and Bioidentical Hormones: Counseling Patients about Bioidentical Hormone Therapy. 17th Annual Meeting of The North American Menopause Society; 2006.

Allen, Loyd V.  Understanding the Controversy: Hormone Testing and Bioidentical Hormones: Compounding Practices and Controversies. 17th Annual Meeting of The North American Menopause Society, 2006.

The Endocrine Society.  Bioidentical Hormones Position Statement.  October 2006.  Available at: http://www.endo-society.org/advocacy/policy/upload/BH_Position_Statement_final_10_25_06_w_Header.pdf.

Patsner B.  Understanding the Controversy: Hormone Testing and Bioidentical Hormones: Regulatory Issues of Compounding Drugs. 17th Annual Meeting of The North American Menopause Society; 2006.

Rinaldi M, Cagnacci A, et al. Neutral effect of prolonged transdermal hormone therapy on liver function of postmenopausal women with chronic active hepatitis.  Menopause. 2005;12(5):619-22.

Bachmann G, Lobo RA, et.al. Efficacy of low-dose estradiol vaginal tablets in the treatment of atrophic vaginitis: a randomized controlled trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2008;111(1):67-76

Cirigliano M.  Bioidentical hormone therapy: a review of the evidence.  Journal of Women’s Health. 2007;16(5):500-31.

Sites CK.  Bioidentical hormones for menopausal therapy.  Women’s Health (Lond Engl). 2008;4(2):163-71.

Rodgers AK, Falcone T.  Treatment strategies for endometriosis.  Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy. 2008;9(2):243-55.

Wingert P, Kantrowitz B.  Is it Hot in Here? Or is it Me? The Complete Guide to Menopause.  New York: Workman Publishing Company, Incorporated; 2006.

Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.  Questions and Answers About the WHI Postmenopausal Hormone Therapy Trials. April 2004.  Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/whi/whi_faq.htm.

Haimov-Kochman R, Hochner-Celnikier D.  Are There Second Thoughts About the Results of the WHI Study? Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.  2006;85(4):387-393.

Pines A, Sturdee DW, et al. More Data on Hormone Therapy and Coronary Heart

Disease: Comments on Recent Publications for the WHI and Nurses’ Health Study.  Climacteric. 2006;9(2):75-6.

Pines A, Sturdee DW, et al.  HRT in the Early Menopause: Scientific Evidence and Common Perceptions.  Climacteric.  2008;11(4):267-72.

Pines A, Sturdee DW, et al. The Heart of the WHI Study: Time for Hormone Therapy Policies to be Revised. Climacteric. 2007; 10: 267-269

Palacios S.  Advances in hormone replacement therapy: making the menopause manageable.  BMC Women’s Health.   2008;8:22.

Furness S, Roberts H, et al.  Hormone therapy in postmenopausal women and risk of endometrial hyperplasia.  Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews. 2009; (2):CD000402.

Mascitelli L, Goldstein MR, et al.  Questioning the cardioprotective action of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women.  Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine (Hagerstown). 2009;10(8):657-8.

Pines A, Sturdee D, et al.  WHI and Breast Cancer. Climacteric. April 11, 2006.

Seidlova-Wuttke D,  Hesse O, et al.  Evidence for Selective Estrogen Receptor Modular Activity in a Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga Racemosa) Extract: Comparison with Estradiol-17beta. European Journal of Endocrinology.  2003;149(4):351-62.

The North American Menopause Society.  So Mother Nature’s Treatments Help Hot Flashes?  Menopause Flashes.  2008;3(1):7.

DeKosky ST, Williamson JD, et al.  Gingko Biloba Does Not Prevent Dementia.

JAMA: the journal of the American. 2008;300:2253-2262.

Natural Standard Research Collaboration.  Ginseng (American Ginseng, Asian Ginseng, Chinese Ginseng, Koreanm Red Ginseng, Panax Ginseng, Panax spp. Including P. Ginseng C.C. Meyer and P. Quinquefolius L., excluding Eleutherococcus Senticosus).  March 1, 2008.  Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/natural/patient-ginseng.html.

CHAPTER 3

Sternfeld B, Wang H, et al.  Physical activity and changes in weight and waist circumference in midlife women: findings from the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation.  American Journal of Epidemiology.  2004;160(9):912-22.

Liu Y, Ding J, et al.  Relative androgen excess and increased cardiovascular risk after menopause: a hypothesized relation. American Journal of Epidemiology.  2001;154(6):489-94.

Gropper SS, Smith JL, et al.  Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism, 5th ed.  Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning; 2009.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration.  Talking about trans fat: what you need to know.  May 2006.  Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/Consumers/ucm079609.htm.

Schryver T, Smith C.  Participants’ willingness to consume soy foods for lowering cholesterol and receive counseling on cardiovascular disease by nutrition professionals.  Public Health Nutrition. 2006;9(7):866-74.

Nieves JW.  Nutritional therapies (including fosteum).  Current Osteoporosis Reports.  2009;7(1):5-11.

Zhang X, Shu XO, et al.  Prospective cohort study of soy food consumption and risk of bone fracture among postmenopausal women.  Archives of Internal Medicine. 2005;165(16):1890-5.

Busko M, Nghlem H.  Diets with High Omega-6:Omega-3 Ratios Enhance Risk for Depression, Inflammatory Disease.   MedscapeCME.  April 26, 2007.  Available at:  http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/555736.

Harris W, Mozaffarian D, et al.  Omega-6 Fatty Acids and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease.  Circulation. 2009;119:902-907.

American Heart Association.  Know Your Fats.  Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=532.

Kurtzweil P.  Help in Preventing Heart Disease.   U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA Consumer. December 1994.  Available at: http://www.fda.gov.fdac.foodlabel/heart.html.

Kiecolt-Glaser JK, Belury MA, et al.  Depressive symptoms, omega-6: omega-3 acids, and inflammation in older adults.  Psychosomatic Medicine. 2007;69(3):217-24.

Mayo Clinic.  Water: how much should you drink every day?  Mayoclinic.com.  Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/water/NU00283/METHOD=print.

National Institutes of Health.  Drinking water.  Medline Plus. July 6, 2009. Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/drinkingwater.html.

American Heart Association.  Tobacco Industry’s Targeting of Youth, Minorities and

Women.  May 20, 2009. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=11226.

Delichatsios HK, Welty FK.  Influence of the DASH diet and other low-fat, high-carbohydrate diets on blood pressure.  Current Atherosclerosis Reports. 2005;7(6):446-54.

Jacobson M.  Salt the Forgotten Killer.  Center for Science in the Public Interest.  December 2008.  Available at: http://cspinet.org/new/pdf/saltupdatedec08.pdf.

Mayo Clinic.  Sodium: Are You Getting Too Much?  MayoClinic.com.  May 23, 2008.  Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/sodium/NU00284.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure with DASH.  National Institutes of Health.  April 2006.  Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/hbp/dash/new_dash.pdf.

Lichtenstein  AH, Rasmussen H, et al. Modified MyPyramid for Older Adults.  The Journal of Nutrition.  2008;138:5-11.

U.S. Department of Agriculture.  Search the USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Nutrient Lists.  Nutrient Data Laborator. Available at: http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/search/

U.S. Department of Agriculture.  My Pyramid. Steps to a Healthier You.  MyPryamid.gov. United States Department of Agriculture. June 26, 2009.  Available at: http://www.mypyramid.gov.

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide, 5th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2014.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

CHAPTER 4

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  Physical Activity Has Many Health Benefits.  Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.  October 16, 2008. Available at: http://www.health.gov./PAGuidleines/guidelines/chapter2.aspx.

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide,

5th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2014.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

Lloyd-Jones D, Adams R, et al.  Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics – 2008 Update.  Circulation. 2009;119(3):480-6.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Heart Truth for Women: An

Action Plan. The Heart Truth. Available at: http://www.hhs.state.ne.us/hew/owh/docs/ActionPlan.pdf.

Ness J, Aronow WS, et al. Use of hormone replacement therapy by postmenopausal women after publication of the Women’s Health Initiative Trail. The journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 2005;60(4):460-2.

Mesch VR, Siseles NO, et al.  Androgens in relationship to cardiovascular risk factors in the menopausal transition.  Climacteric. 2008;11(6):509-17.

Gaddam KK, Verma A, et al.  Hypertension and cardiac failure in its various forms.  The Medical Clinics of North America. 2009; 93(3): 665-80.

Lee LV, Foody JM.  Cardiovascular disease in women.  Current Atherosclerosis Reports. 2008;10(4):295-302.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  What Is High Blood Pressure? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, Disease and Conditions Index. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Hbp/HBP_WhatIs.html.

National Institutes of Health. Your Guide to Lowering High Blodd Pressure.  What Is Blood Pressure?  National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/hbp/bp/bp.htm.

National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services.  Osteoporosis: Peak Bone Mass in Women.   National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. May 2009.  Available at: http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Osteoporosis/bone_mass.asp.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  Your Guide to Physical Activity and Your Heart.  National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. January 2008.  Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/phy_active.pdf.

Poehlman ET, Denino WF, et al.  Effects of endurance and resistance training on total daily energy expenditure in young women: a controlled randomized trail.  The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2002;87(3):1004-9.

Wang Z, Heshka S, et al.  Resting energy expenditure: systematic organization and critique of prediction methods.  Obesity Research. 2001;9(5):331-6.

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  Dietary Guidelines for Americans, 2005.  Washington, DC: U.S. government Printing Office; 2005.

National Institute on Aging.  Exercise and Physical Activity: Your Everyday Guide from the National Institute on Aging. Bethesda, MD: 2008.

Iwao S, Iwao N, et al.  Does Waist Circumference add to the predictive power of the body mass index for coronary risk?  Obesity Research.  2001;9(11):685-695.

Dennison Haines C.  Losing Weight.  National Institutes of Health.  Medline Plus.  2007.  Available at: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001940.htm.

Pedro Del Corral P, Chandler-Laney K, et al.  Effect of Dietary Adherence with or without exercise on weight loss: a mechanistic approach to a global problem.  Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. 2009;94(5):1602-1607.

Department of Health and Family Services, State of Wisconsin.  Calories Burned Per Hour.  2005. Department of Health and Family Services.  Available at: http://dhs.wisconsin.gov/health/physicalactivity/pdf_files/Caloriesperhour.pdf.

Topol E, Eisner MD, et al.  Cleveland Clinic Heart Book: The Definitive Guide for the Entire Family from the Nation’s Leading Heart Center. New York: Hyperion; 2000.

Gersch BJ.  Mayo Clinic Heart Book, Revised Edition: The Ultimate Guide to Heart Health. New York: William Morrow. 2000.

American Heart Association.  One-Mile Fitness Calculator. Learn and Live. 2008.  Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3046243.

CHAPTER 5

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide, 5th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2014.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery. Cosmetic Plastic Surgery Research Statistics and Trends for 2001-2007.  Plastic Surgery Research.info.  February 25, 2008. Available at:  http://www.cosmeticplasticsurgerystatistics.com/statistics.html.

U.S. Census Bureau.  Industry Statistics Sampler: NAICS 315231 Women’s and girls’ cut and sew lingerie, loungewear, and nightwear manufacturing. Economic Census 2002.  2004.  Available at: http://www.census.gov/epcd/ec97/industry/E315231.htm.

The Bra Guide.  Are you Wearing the Right Bra Size? Bra Calculator.  Your Source for bra info.  Available at: http://bra.and.bras.googlepages.com/bra_size_calculator.html.

DiAmico RA, Saltz R, et al. Plastic Reconstruction Surgery. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2008;121(5):1787-92.

The American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery.  Choose a Procedure. Surgery.org. Available at: http://www.surgery.org/public/procedures.

CHAPTER 6

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide,5th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2014.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

Brizendine L.  The Female Brain. New York: Broadway Books; 2006.

National Institute of Mental Health.  Depression: A treatable Illness (Fact Sheet). Reprinted 2004.  Transforming the understanding and treatment of mental illness through research. Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/depression-a-treatable-illness-fact-sheet/index.shtml.

Speroff L, Fritz FA.  The Clinical Gynecologic Endocrinology and Infertility. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2004.

CHAPTER 7

Brizendine L.  The Female Brain. New York: Broadway Books; 2006.

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide, 5th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2014.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

Amato P.  Categories of female sexual dysfunction.  Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America.  2006;33(4):527-34.

Tessler Lindau S,  Schumm P, et al. A study of sexuality and health among older Adults in the United States.  The New England Journal of Medicine.  2007;357(8):762-774.

Wingert P, Kantrowitz B.  Is it Hot in Here? Or is it Me? The Complete Guide to Menopause.  New York: Workman Publishing Company, Incorporated; 2006.   

Shifren JL, Braunstein GD, et al.  Transdermal testosterone treatment in women with impaired sexual function after oophorectomy.  The New England Journal of Medicine.   2000;343(10):682-8.

CHAPTER 8

Daley AJ, Stokes-Lampard HJ, et al.  Exercise to reduce vasomotor and other menopausal symptoms: a review.  Maturitas. 2009;63(3):176-80.

Chiesa A.  Zen meditation: an integration of current evidence.  Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2009;15(5):585-92.

King MS, Carr T, et al.  Transcendental meditation, hypertension and heart disease.  Australian Family Physician.  2002;31(2):164-8.

Lutz A, Greischar LL, et al.  Long-term meditators self-induce high-amplitude gamma synchrony during mental practice.  Proceeding of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.  2004;101(46):16369-79.

Davidson RJ, Kabat-Zinn J, et al. Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation.   Psychosomatic Medicine. 2003;65(4):564-70.

CHAPTER  9

Dictionary.Com. Happiness. Dictionary.com. Available at: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/happiness.

CHAPTER 10

Bray GA, Gray DS. Obesity. Part II – Treatment.  The Western Journal of Medicine 1988;149(5):555-71.

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. Classification of Overweight and Obesity by BMI, Waist Circumference, and Associated Disease Risks.  Obesity Education Initiative. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/heart/obesity/lose_wt/bmi_dis.htm.

Ehrman JK, Gordon PM, et al. Clinical Exercise Physiology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2009.

Gropper SS, Smith JL, et al.  Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism.  Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning; 2009.

Snow V, Barry P, et al.  Pharmacologic and surgical management of obesity in primary care: a clinical care practice from the American College of Physicians.  Annals of Internal Medicine.  2005;142(7):525-531.

American College of Physicians.  Overweight/Obesity and Weight Control.  Available at: http://www.acponline.org/patients_families/diseases_conditions/obesity/.

American College of Physicians.  100 Million Adult Americans are Overweight and at Risk of Serious Disease.  Internal Medicine Doctor for Adults. Available at: http://www.acponline.org/patients_families/pdfs/health/obesity.pdf.

National Institutes of Health.  Obesity, Physical Activity, and Weight-control glossary. An information service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseses (NIDDK). Available at: http://win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/glossary.htm.

Boschmann M, Steiniger J, et al.  Water-induced thermogenesis.  The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2003;88(12):6015-9.

Halton TL, HU FB.  The effects of high protein diets on thermogenesis, satiety and weight loss: a critcal review.  Journal of the American College of Nutrition. 2004;23(5):373-85.

CHAPTER 11

Ehrman JK, Gordon PM, et al. Clinical Exercise Physiology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2009.

Gropper SS, Smith JL, et al.  Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism.  Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning; 2009.

Body Mass Index Chart.  Partnership for Healthy Weight Management.  Consumer.gov.  Available at:  http://www.consumer.gov/weightloss/bmi.htm.

U.S Department of Health and Human Services.  Facts about Healthy Weight.  National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. 2006.  Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/prof/heart/obesity/aim_kit/healthy_wt_facts.htm.

U. S. Department of Health and Human Services.  Weight and Waist Measurement: Tools for Adults.  The Weight-control Information Network. 2008. Available at: http://win.niddk.nih.gov/publications/tools.htm.

Stob NR, Bell C, et al.  Thermic effect of food and beta-adrenergic thermogenic responsiveness in habitually exercising and sedentary healthy adult humans. Journal of Applied Physiology. 2007;103(2):616-22.

Tsai AG, Wadden TA.  Systematic review: an evaluation of major commercial weight loss programs in the United States.  Annals of Internal Medicine. 2005;142(1):56-66.

Haskell WL, Lee IM, et al.  Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association.  Medicine and Science in Sports Exercise.  2007;39(8):1423-34.

Harris AJ, Benedict FG.  A biometric Study of Human Basal Metabolism.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.   1918;4(12):370-373.

CHAPTER 13

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide, 5th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2014.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

CHAPTER 14

Kuo ML, Huang TS, et al.  Curcumin, an antioxidant and anti-tumor promoter, induces apoptosis in human leukemia cells.  Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. 1996;1317(2):95-100.

Motterlini R, Foresti R, et al. Curcumin an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, induces heme oxygenase-1 and protects endothelial cells against oxidative stress.  Free Radical Biology & Medicine. 2000;28(8):1303-12.

Mahmmoud YA.  Capsaicin stimulates uncoupled ATP hydrolysis by the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump.  The Journal of Biological Chemistry.  2008;283(3):21418-26.

Weisburger JH.  Eat to live, not live to eat.  Nutrition.  2000;16(9):767-73.

McShea A, Ramiro-Puig E, et al.  Clinical benefit and preservation of flavonols in dark chocolate manufacturing.  Nutrition Reviews.  2008;66(11):630-41.

Stibich, Mark.  Health Benefits of Chocolate.  Longevity.  January 24, 2009. Available at:   http://longevity.about.com/od/lifelongnutrition/p/chocolate.htm.

Penumathsa SV, Maulik N.  Resveratrol: a promising agent in promoting cardioprotection against coronary heart disease.  Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology.  2009;87(4):275-86.

Calderon AI, Wright BJ, et al.  Screening antioxidants using LC-MS: case study with cocoa.  The Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.  2009;57(13):5693-9.

Corti R, Flammer AJ, et al.  Cocoa and cardiovascular health.  Circulation.  2009;119(10):1433-41.

CHAPTER 15

Shen W, Stearns V.  Treatment strategies for hot flushes.  Expert Opinion on Pharacotherapy.  2009;10(7):1133-44.

APPENDIX

APPENDIX A

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide, 5th Ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society, 2014.  Available at: http://www.menopause.org/htcharts.pdf.

The North American Menopause Society. The Menopause Guidebook, 8th ed. Cleveland, OH: The North American Menopause Society; 2015.

APPENDIX B

Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.  Dietary Supplements:  A Framework for Evaluating Safety. Washington DC: The National Academies; 2009.  Available at: http://www.iom.edu/CMS/3788/4605/19578.aspx.

Sareen SS, Smith JL, et al.  Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism, 5th Ed.  Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning; 2009.

National Institutes of Health.  Dietary Supplement Use & Safety. Office of Dietary Supplements. Available at: http://dietary-supplements.info.nih.gov/.

U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2005.  Washington DC:  USDA Publication; 2005.  Available at: http://www.health.gov/DietaryGuidelines/.

The North American Menopause Society. Menopause Practice: A Clinician’s Guide, 5th Edition. Cleveland: The North American Menopause Society, 2014, http://www.menopause.org/htcharts.pdf

The Intenational Menopause Society.  HRT in the early menopause: scientific evidence and common perceptions. Summary of the First IMS Global Summit on menopause-related issues.  March 29-30, 2008.

A. Pines, D. W. Sturdee, M. H. Birkhäuser, T. de Villiers, F. Naftolin, A. Gompel, R. Farmer, D. Barlow, D. Tan, P. Maki, R. Lobo and H. Hodis, et al. on behalf of the International Menopause Society http://www.imsociety.org/pdf_files/comments_and_press_statements/

ims_press_statement_13_05_08.pdf

Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.  Dietary Supplements:  A Framework for Evaluating Safety. Aril 1, 2004. http://www.iom.edu/CMS/3788/4605/19578.aspx

National Institutes of Health.  Office of Dietary Supplements. Dietary Supplement Use & Safety. http://dietary-supplements.info.nih.gov/

U.S.Department of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Nutrition and Your Health: Dietary Guidelines for Americans”.

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